Gun Cleaning Steps

The secret to having a well-performing firearm is always keep it clean. It can’t be overstated that always keep your firearm running well, you should keep the barrel free of dirt, debris and other particles that have set after continued use.

Some of the situations where you need to clean your gun would be after using it to shoot many rounds at a firing range or after using the gun in a duck-hunting event that allowed some moisture or wet particles that could’ve seeped into the gun’s barrel.

Also, it’s important for you to remember that before you clean your gun, you should first refer to your owner’s manual. The manual can teach you how to clean the parts, how to disassemble them and what pieces of the gun do what. This is especially important to know what kind of solvent or cleaning agent you’re going to put. This is also needed to know how long to wait before you can clean your gun after use. Generally, it may be safe to clean the gun immediately after using it, but referring to your gun’s manual is still a safer option. In the event, you do not have the owner’s manual try finding it on the internet or seeking out help from a gun sales department.

One thing that could be stopping you from cleaning your gun is the fact that it takes a bit more time, and sometimes, you catch yourself being lazy. In this article, we will explore some of the easy ways that you can keep your firearm cleaning without worrying about breaking it and without causing you to waste a lot of time doing so.

A good firearm that’s clean and calibrated well will prevent it from breaking it down, and so we will also explore in this article the fun ways you can ensure this without overcomplicating you with details. Let’s start.

  1. The first tip in cleaning a gun could not be simpler: make sure the gun is unloaded and then prepare all the necessary items for cleaning, which include solvent, rag, gun oil or lubricant, toothbrush or a bore brush, Q-tips, patches, cleaning rod that fits the caliber, jag, flashlight and a microfiber for the final polish. You can do the cleaning quickly without consuming a lot of your important time if you get all the necessary cleaning materials already at your disposal.

While you’re looking for these materials, why not play some music in the background to make it even more fun? Some people say that just the fact that they’re arranging the materials together can provide a sense of fun and joy that one usually gets in tidying up a messy room. Fun, right?

It’s also important for you to prepare a flat table and a well-ventilated room before you start cleaning. When all the materials are ready, and the gun has been field-stripped, if applicable, then start the cleaning process, dipping the brush into a little bit of the solvent. Afterwards, brush the solvent around and through the barrel. You need to set this aside for a while so you can let the solvent sink into the barrel. We’ll come back to this part after the solvent has set in. You should let the cleaning agent sort of cook first before you can do anything else on it.

  1. The second step in this cleaning process would be to clean the frame of the gun. To do this, you would need to get the mechanics rag and thoroughly wipe off all the gunk that you can take from the frame. It is important for you to remember that you can’t use any solvent to clean the gun’s frame because the chemicals in the solvent can create a whole giant mess on the frame that will be worse off than when you started cleaning it.
  2. The third step in cleaning the gun is to use the Q-tip and swipe it around the gun’s rail as well as the hard-to-reach areas of the gun, which include the nooks and crannies that only a Q-tip can touch. Make sure that you also get all the dirt out of the insides of the gun. The grime accumulated there could affect how your gun performance and wiping them off is a great help not to make this happen.
  3. The next step would be to get rid of the recoil spring and use the dry rag you had to rub off all the gunk in the gun. You can also just use the toothbrush and rub it against the springs of the gun to make sure that all the hard-to-reach dirt is taken care of.
  4. After the barrel is done “cooking” with the help of the solvent, you’re now ready to clean it. To do this, you have to run your brush through all the areas inside and around it. Afterwards, you can wipe off the outside of the barrel with the dry rag. When you’re done with that, you can now start cleaning the jag. To do this, you need to put a patch on and swiftly give it a pushing motion right through the jag. Don’t do a “drag in and out” motion, to avoid it from moving the dirt back and forth. Use a few patches and only stop when you’re satisfied with the color that comes out after cleaning.
  5. The next step is to oil the gun using a Q-tip that has been dipped into the oil. You should not forget to oil up the slide rails of the gun and make sure you remove all the stuff in the areas that look shiny. You may want to put some more oil in the brightest parts because that’s what is usually being overused. Don’t forget to also put a little bit of oil on the recoil spring and cleaning it off with a rag to get rid of the excess, don’t overdo it, though. You may only need about four drops of oil to clean the entire gun.
  6. Now you can now reassemble your gun after all the parts are cleaned. You should try dry firing it to know that all the parts are working. Although it is never recommended that you dry fire a firearm, it is better to do it now then in a situation that you need it and it does not work. When you’re done, wipe it off with a the microfiber rag to get the nice, clean and smooth-looking gun that you want.
  • Meathead

    Excellent article on the steps to follow cleaning a firearm. However, I disagree with #2. Use mineral spirits to clean any gunk or accumulated crud. Mineral spirits leaves no film residue and can also be used to clean hardwood floors without damage

    Take a small brush and liberally brush away the gunk. I have several firearms that I immerse some of the entire assembly in a coffee can of mineral spirits (trigger group of a Remington Model 552, etc.), clean it with an acid brush, dry with a clean shop rag and let air dry before re-lubing it.